Reserve Copyright Guidelines
The following are based on the draft "Fair-Use Guidelines for Electronic Reserve Systems" and the ALA Model Policy Concerning College and University Photocopying for Classroom, Research and Library Use. These guidelines are not law but are merely a statement of what publishers, authors, libraries, etc. agreed would be considered fair use. However, there was no consensus for electronic copies.
- Only VCU faculty or their proxies may request that materials
be placed on reserve.
- All materials placed on reserves are solely for the non-commercial,
educational use of students and staff training.
- Access to reproductions and instructor-owned reserve material
will be limited to current VCU faculty, staff and students.
Network access will be limited to authenticated VCU users.
- There will be no charge for access or use of reserves.
Students may pay nominal charges for printing or photocopying
- Whenever possible, materials copied or scanned for reserves
will be owned by the faculty submitting them or by the VCU
Libraries. If necessary and possible, these materials will
be purchased by the VCU Libraries.
- Longer works, such as complete books, will not be copied
- The number of copies should be reasonable in light of
the number of students enrolled, the difficulty and timing
of the assignments, and the number of other courses which may
assign the same materials (17 U.S.C., Section 107:1 and 3).
Therefore, VCU Libraries allows no more than five copies to
be placed on reserve for classes of 50 or fewer. One copy may
be placed on reserve for every 20 additional student enrolled
in the course.
- No more than 50 titles (Libraries materials, personal
copies, and reproductions) may be placed on reserve for one
course by a single faculty member. Exceptions may be made at
the discretion of the Reserve Coordinators.
- As per ARL Counsel interpretation (1), the following copyright
notice will appear at the beginning of the copied work for
reserves to indicate that the materials may be covered by copyright
The copyright law of the United States (Titles 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material.
Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship or research". If a user makes a request for, or later uses a photocopy of reproduction for purposed in excess of "fair use", that user may be liable for copyright infringement.
This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order if, in its judgment, fulfillment of the order would involve violation of copyright law. When submitting the order form to request article information, you are agreeing to the conditions set forth herein.
(1) Interpretation of Arnold P. Lutzker, Esq. (Lutzker & Lutzker LLP, Washington, DC) of Section 108(a)(3) of the Copyright Act, as amended in the Digital Millenium Copyright Act of 1998.
- Faculty will be responsible for acquiring needed use permissions
beyond those provided by the Copyright Act. The VCU Libraries will assist
faculty in acquiring permissions by making available printed
resources and educational assistance.
- The American
Library Association model reserve policy will be followed.
- Appropriate citations or attributions to the source of the
copied works will be displayed.
- Material access will be via course name, course number or faculty
- The Libraries staff will rush recall materials for reserve that are out on loan to another patron.